Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, or HSCT for short, is provided at various centers around the world to a mix of people with multiple sclerosis.
As regular readers know, two months ago I visited the impressive facilities of the A.A. Maximov Department of Hematology and Cellular Therapy, at the National Pirogov Medical Surgical Center in Moscow. There, besides meeting Denis Fedorenko, MD, and his staff, I was able to mix with patients from the U.S., Great Britain, Australia, Norway and Italy.
But the Moscow center did not start out treating international clients. On my return home, I got in touch with a woman who was the very first patient from another country (Great Britain) to be given HSCT for multiple sclerosis.
Her name is Phoebe Scopes. She is 46 years old and lives in London. This is the first part of her story, exactly as she told me.
Ian: Phoebe, what was your MS history prior to HSCT?
Phoebe: After experiencing almost a year of intermittent sensory abnormalities and bouts of fatigue, I was eventually diagnosed with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis in early 2008. With exception to these episodes, I was free of any disability during this time and, for a while, I merely considered MS as a minor and occasional interruption in my life.
Before diagnosis, I had heard of MS but had no idea what it was. But knowing more about it now, I understand that I was experiencing small, infrequent relapses. Thinking back, it is also extremely likely that the optic neuritis I experienced briefly six years before diagnosis was a sign and had occurred during the benign stage of disease.
I am a mother, wife and designer, and was very fit and active. I cycled six miles a day to and from work, I was a fitness boxer for 13 years and, in early 2009, a year after diagnosis — now with an EDSS of about 3.0 — I took part in a 100-km, eight-day trek across the Sahara desert. The trek was extremely challenging, but I had one of the best experiences of my life. The Sahara trek was one of those things on my bucket list, so I was also very grateful to have been able to do this before further disease accumulation.
Having experienced and overcome various illnesses growing up, I just considered MS as another one of those medical hurdles that I needed to jump over. I was no stranger to hospitals, illnesses and treatments, but for over 10 years, I had been drug- and symptom-free, always opting for nutritional intervention to maintain well-being.
My initial relationship with medications to treat those conditions brought a host of side effects, so I was reluctant to use anything for my MS, but felt overwhelmed about having this ‘incurable’ disease. One such side effect on some of the MS drugs was feeling very tired and drowsy all the time, which seemed to disable and restrict me more than the relapses I was having. So, I declined all the other drugs being offered by my neurologist, who regularly urged me to start taking them.
I would turn up to [the] clinic with articles, or would ring my neurologist to tell him about my findings regarding the drugs he wanted me to take. The articles usually, to an extent, contradicted his information so I think that my neurologist considered me a bit of a troublemaker! So, instead of the drugs, I started researching and looking at other therapies that could help arrest my MS and tackle minor difficulties that I was beginning to encounter.
My research took me and my husband to various places in Europe and the United States, where I met and spoke with some interesting people. And while the therapies I had were initially effective, their results were short-lived. Some might call this the placebo-effect, and maybe this was the case with some, but not all, the therapies.
I just think that MS is a very complex disease of which no two people are affected in the same way, and most of the time, some of these therapies or treatments need to be repeated a few times before they stick!
Next week, I move to 2009 and beyond in Part 2 of Phoebe’s story.
This story, written by me, was first published by Multiple Sclerosis News Today.
50shadesofsun.com is the personal website of Ian Franks, who is Managing Editor (columns division) of BioNews Services. BioNews is owner of 50 disease/disorder-specific news and information websites – including MS News Today. Ian has enjoyed a successful career as a journalist, from reporter to editor, in the print media. During that career he gained a Journalist of the Year award in his native UK. He was diagnosed with MS in 2002 but continued working until mobility problems forced him to retire early in late 2006. He now lives in the south of Spain. Besides MS, Ian is also able to write about both epilepsy and cardiovascular matters from a patient’s perspective and is a keen advocate on mobility and accessibility issues.
One thought on “Meet Phoebe Scopes, First MS Patient from Abroad to Undergo HSCT in Moscow”
I am anxious to hear the rest of Phoebe’s story. Did she ever experience head or neck trauma before her MS diagnosis? I ask because I am involved with an MS study with Dr. Raymond Damadian (original inventor of the MRI) and Dr. Scott Rosa. These doctors have observed a relationship with MS and other neurodegenerative diseases and head and or neck trauma. This creates the blockage of CSF flow in the cervical spine…leading to the leakage of CSF from the ventricles in the brain. They feel MS develops as a result of this leakage… a biophysical event. There is also relationship to blood flow (CCSVI) and what is particularly of interest is that it is all visible through MRI scans done on the Upright multipositional MRI also developed by Dr. Damadian with software and hardware he developed to study the CSF flow. His software illuminates the CSF…you can see currents, back flows, blockages,and the leakage as it occurs. Other MRIs don’t see CSF…it is blank, like air even when very powerful. I have seen my scans and I was a perfect example of what they were expecting to see. I am very excited to hear about the stem cell results you have experienced. These doctors feel if you stop the leakage, you stop the disease… the body tries to heal itself. I have experienced just this…but feel the stem cells can help the healing even more.